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Symptoms of traumatic brain injury

On Behalf of | Jan 6, 2024 | Personal Injury |

Traumatic brain injury is a serious condition caused by a blow or jolt to the head that disrupts normal brain function. The symptoms of TBI can range from mild to severe depending on the extent of damage to the brain.

Recognizing the signs of TBI is important for getting proper treatment and support.

Physical symptoms

Some common physical symptoms of TBI include headaches, dizziness, nausea, fatigue and sleep disturbances. Some patients experience light and sound sensitivity, blurred vision and ringing in the ears. Additional symptoms include bruising, convulsions, dilated pupils, weakness, numbness and loss of coordination.

Cognitive changes

A TBI can impact cognitive abilities including memory, concentration, judgment and reaction time. Someone with TBI may experience confusion, disorientation or slowed thinking. Sometimes they face difficulty finding words and trouble focusing. Many individuals experience difficulty learning and processing new information as well.

Emotional and behavioral issues

Survivors of TBI often deal with emotional and behavioral effects. Some symptoms include depression, anxiety and mood swings. Some patients also struggle with impulsiveness, aggression, lack of awareness about impairments and personality changes. The injured person may lack self-control and have trouble relating to others.

Long-term complications

Even after initial recovery, a TBI can have lasting consequences. Research indicates that more than 40% of patients with a traumatic brain injury will experience long-term complications, such as seizures, hydrocephalus or Parkinsonism, that emerge months or years after the injury. Ongoing physical and mental health issues are common if the brain damage causes lasting disability.

Recognizing the diverse symptoms and long-term effects of TBI can help you identify when you need medical care and support. Increased vigilance about head injuries helps ensure the best possible outcomes and quality of life.